“Orgel's Second Rule: Evolution is cleverer than you are. ” — Francis Crick
Biology Subject Endorsement for Secondary Education Students
Biology majors intending to become secondary level teachers should consult carefully with advisors in both the Biology and Education Departments. The biology course requirements for the degree are the same as those for all biology majors, but particular courses are recommended to meet the requirements of the State Department of Education. In addition, support course requirements are different for secondary education students than for other biology majors.
Introductory Biology courses (8 credit hours)
- BIO 201 & 2051 - General Biology: Organismal & Population (lecture & laboratory)
- BIO 202 & 2062 - General Biology: Molecular & Cellular (lecture & laboratory)
1 BIO 201 (lecture) and 205 (laboratory)
replace the older course, BIO 212 (lecture + laboratory), which also applies toward
2 BIO 202 (lecture) and 206 (laboratory) replace the older course, BIO 211 (lecture + laboratory), which also applies toward the major.
Upper-division Biology courses (25 credit hours)
A minimum of 25 hours of coursework at the 300-level or greater must be completed, and must include the following:
At least seven upper-division lecture courses. These
- At least four lectures at the 300 and/or 400 level, and
- At least two lectures at the 500 level.
All Biology courses of three or more credits, except BIO 297, 397, 493, 495 and 497, are lecture courses.
Students may apply one course from a select group of offerings by other departments towards this requirement. Please check the list of currently approved courses. Students may petition to have an additional course considered, but such petitions are not routinely granted.
- At least one course from each of the following three areas. These courses apply towards the seven lecture-course requirement:
- Molecular/Cellular: BIO 317, 351, 362, 417, 420, 432, 455, 517, 532, 551, 562, 567
- Organismal: BIO 333, 335, 341, 449, 467, 549, 561, 562, 571
- Population/Ecology/Evolution: BIO 385, 390, 435, 440, 481, 483, 485, 523, 539, 581
At least four laboratory courses. The following courses
apply towards this requirment:
- BIO 333, 335, 341, 351, 385, 401, 420, 435, 440, 467, 481, 561, and 581 are lecture + laboratory courses that also apply towards the lecture requirements.
- BIO 318, 419, 450, 484, 486, 487, 563, and 572 are laboratory-only courses.
In addition, one of the following may be used as the equivalent of a laboratory course:
- BIO 490 may be counted as one laboratory course if taken twice.
BIO 497 may be counted as one laboratory course
if all of the following conditions are met:
- At least six credits of 497 are taken over multiple semesters
- The research work is presented by the student at a regional or national scientific meeting (for example, at the Nebraska Academy of Sciences Annual Meeting)
- The research work is also presented by the student as a poster at the Department of Biology Research Colloquium, which takes place each April
The course plan listed below meet the general theme of the required areas according to the State Department of Education standards. Other alternatives are available and may be selected under the advisement of the Biology Department.
|BIO 201 & BIO 205||General Biology: Organismal & Population||4|
|BIO 202 & BIO 206||General Biology: Molecular & Cellular||4 credits||
|BIO 333||Vertebrate Comparative Anatomy||4|
Animal Physiology Laboratory
Terrestrial Ecology OR
Marine and Freshwater Ecology and
Freshwater Ecology Laboratory
|BIO 571||Animal Behavior||3|
Specified Support Courses
The following support courses are required:
|CHM 203 & 204||General Chemistry I Lecture & Lab||4 credits|
|CHM 205 & 206||General Chemistry II Lecture & Lab||4|
|An additional year of chemistry:|
CHM 315 and
CHM 321 & 322 and
CHM 323 & 324
Organic Chemistry I Lecture & Lab
Organic Chemistry II Lecture & Lab
|PHY 187||Introduction to Physics||3|
ATS/EVS 113 & 114
NSC/PHY 107 & 108
Intro. to Atmospheric Sci. Lecture & Lab
Introductory Astronomy Lecture & Lab
|MTH 245||Calculus I||4|
Professional Education Courses
Students take professional education courses totaling 34-36 credit hours.